Wednesday, March 13, 2019

New 2018 Housing Production Report From 45 Oregon Cities: 1,470 Unit Regulated Unit Production Barely Dents 153,000 Count of Severely Rent Burdened HH's.

In 2018 Oregon enacted legislation (HB 4006) that required cities with more than 10,000 population and 25% or more severely cost burdened renters to hold community meetings to discuss way to address this problem. 

My prior post HERE has a listing of the 27 cities, and all 47 cities with population above 10,000; OHCS counted 46 cities above 10,000 population, with Silverton being slightly under 10,000 in population in their count.

As part of that legislation those 46 Oregon cities above 10,000 population were required to submit a report to the state showing counts of planned units, AND units actually produced (with temporary or final certificates of occupancy). Breakouts for single family and multifamily AND "regulated" housing units are included, as well as structure type. The state DLCD page HERE has more about the reporting requirements, including the Excel reporting form.

Those reports were due earlier this year. 45 cities have filed reports to date (Klamath Falls has not yet reported). Gladstone added N/A to their production inputs so their population and severe rent burden households are counted in the database but no unit production.

I decided to focus on housing production because planned unit counts can be obtained for any permitting locality from the HUD website HERE and I suspect this is first time housing production data, and especially regulated unit data, has been posted for 45 cities throughout Oregon.

Thanks to DLCD who provided me with the submissions for each city.

I assembled all 45 Excel worksheets in a single workbook and then extracted housing production data from individual Excel worksheets into a single new worksheet. I added severe rent burden data and exported the combined data into a new Excel workbook HERE, and embedded below. 
Note: I did not extract structure type for my database. Once I post another Excel workbook with all 46 city reports [see below] users will be able to deep dive into that data in individual worksheets. 

The Excel workbook contains the combined data, a pivot table, a worksheet with a listing of fields in the database, a page with links to various related sites, and the actual City of Portland submission (so that you can see an example of all the data collected).

The default opening view is of a pivot table with the count of total units produced AND regulated units produced AND the count of severely rent burdened households. You can use the Pivot table to add additional fields, including counts of SF or MF units, whether regulated or not.

IF you want to ONLY see those cities that had greater than 25% rent burdened households OR only cities in the Portland Metro jurisdiction you can used the pull downs at the top of the pivot table to zero in on those geographies.

In the future my plan is to post the entire Excel workbook I constructed with individual submission from all 46 cities, likely after Klamath Falls files their report. This will allow others to do a deep dive into whatever information is available, but not included in this database.

45 City Observations:
  1. These cities had 57% of 2017 statewide population (2,361,225 /4,141,100).
  2. These cities had 72% of Oregon's total 2016 ACS severe cost burdened renters (111,159/153,942).
  3. There were a total of 14,683 housing units produced, and 1,470 (10% of all units produced) were regulated housing units.
  4. There were a total of 6,621 total SF units produced, but only 35 regulated SF units reported as being produced.
  5. There were a total of 8,089 total MF units produced, with 1,435 regulated MF units reported as being produced. 
  6. NOTE: Adding SF and MF total units together (items 4+5 above] does not exactly match total units shown in item 3 above; 14,710 units when SF and MF added together vs 14,683 total. No issue with regulated SF and MF totals. Not quite sure what problem is; perhaps I input one piece of data incorrectly, but error of 27 units out of 14,000+ units not enough for me to hold up publication and my focus is primarily on regulated units). 
  7. Only 2 cities reported NO housing units produced, but 33 cities reported NO regulated unit production.
Even with positive impacts from housing filtering production of 1,470 regulated MF units in 2018, which likely includes less than than half of units affordable below 50% of MFI, is CLEARLY not sufficient to make progress in reducing the count of 153,000+ severely cost burdened Oregon renters. [Note also that 35 regulated units produced were SF, and not all regulated MF units produced are necessarily rental units]. 

(The most recent [2015] HUD CHAS data shows that 90% of ALL Oregon severely cost burdened renters [137,900/153,130] have incomes below 50% MFI).

I hope and suspect that regulated unit production has picked up this year. 

Within These 45 Cities:
  • The City of Portland accounted for 43% of all housing units produced and 54% of all regulated housing units produced; their share of severely cost burdened renters was 29% and their share of population was 27%.
  • Portland had the highest number of total units produced with 6,345 units , Bend came in second at 1,020.
  • Portland led with 800 regulated units produced, and Beaverton came in second with 280.
  • Beaverton (67%) and Woodburn (58%) had the highest rate of regulated units as a percentage of the total units they produced.

Originally created and posted on the
Oregon Housing Blog

    No comments:

    Post a Comment